1 This is the history of the families of Shem, Ham, and Japheth, the three sons of Noah. Many children were born to them after the Flood.
2 The descendants of Japheth were Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras.
3 The descendants of Gomer were Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.
4 The descendants of Javan were Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Rodanim.*1
5 Their descendants became the seafaring peoples in various lands, each tribe with its own language.
6 The descendants of Ham were Cush, Mizraim,* Put, and Canaan.2
7 The descendants of Cush were Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteca. The descendants of Raamah were Sheba and Dedan.
8 One of Cush's descendants was Nimrod, who became a heroic warrior.
9 He was a mighty hunter in the LORD's sight.* His name became proverbial, and people would speak of someone as being "like Nimrod, a mighty hunter in the LORD's sight."3
10 He built the foundation for his empire in the land of Babylonia,* with the cities of Babel, Erech, Akkad, and Calneh.4
11 From there he extended his reign to Assyria, where he built Nineveh, Rehoboth-ir, Calah,
12 and Resen--the main city of the empire, located between Nineveh and Calah.
13 Mizraim was the ancestor of the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites,
14 Pathrusites, Casluhites, and the Caphtorites, from whom the Philistines came.*5
15 Canaan's oldest son was Sidon, the ancestor of the Sidonians. Canaan was also the ancestor of the Hittites,
16 Jebusites, Amorites, Girgashites,
17 Hivites, Arkites, Sinites,
18 Arvadites, Zemarites, and Hamathites.
19 Eventually the territory of Canaan spread from Sidon to Gerar, near Gaza, and to Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, near Lasha.
20 These were the descendants of Ham, identified according to their tribes, languages, territories, and nations.
21 Sons were also born to Shem, the older brother of Japheth.* Shem was the ancestor of all the descendants of Eber.6
22 The descendants of Shem were Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram.
23 The descendants of Aram were Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash.
24 Arphaxad was the father of Shelah,* and Shelah was the father of Eber.7
25 Eber had two sons. The first was named Peleg--"division"--for during his lifetime the people of the world were divided into different language groups and dispersed. His brother's name was Joktan.
26 Joktan was the ancestor of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah,
27 Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah,
28 Obal, Abimael, Sheba,
29 Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab.
30 The descendants of Joktan lived in the area extending from Mesha toward the eastern hills of Sephar.
31 These were the descendants of Shem, identified according to their tribes, languages, territories, and nations.
32 These are the families that came from Noah's sons, listed nation by nation according to their lines of descent. The earth was populated with the people of these nations after the Flood.
Read Genesis 11