Ezekiel 40

Ezekiel 40

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1 On April 28,* during the twenty-fifth year of our captivity--fourteen years after the fall of Jerusalem--the LORD took hold of me.1

2 In a vision of God he took me to the land of Israel and set me down on a very high mountain. From there I could see what appeared to be a city across from me toward the south.

3 As he brought me nearer, I saw a man whose face shone like bronze standing beside a gateway entrance. He was holding in his hand a measuring tape and a measuring rod.

4 He said to me, "Son of man, watch and listen. Pay close attention to everything I show you. You have been brought here so I can show you many things. Then you will return to the people of Israel and tell them everything you have seen."

5 I could see a wall completely surrounding the Temple area. The man took a measuring rod that was 10 feet* long and measured the wall, and the wall was 10 feet thick and 10 feet high.2

6 Then he went over to the gateway that goes through the eastern wall. He climbed the steps and measured the threshold of the gateway; it was 10 feet deep.*3

7 There were guard alcoves on each side built into the gateway passage. Each of these alcoves was 10 feet square, with a distance between them of 8 feet along the passage wall. The gateway's inner threshold, which led to the foyer at the inner end of the gateway passage, was 10 feet deep.

8 He also measured the foyer of the gateway*4

9 and found it to be 14 feet deep, with supporting columns 3 feet thick. This foyer was at the inner end of the gateway structure, facing toward the Temple.

10 There were three guard alcoves on each side of the gateway passage. Each had the same measurements, and the dividing walls separating them were also identical.

11 The man measured the gateway entrance, which was 17 feet wide at the opening and 22 feet wide in the gateway passage.

12 In front of each of the guard alcoves was a 21-inch curb. The alcoves themselves were 10 feet square.

13 Then he measured the entire width of the gateway, measuring the distance between the back walls of facing guard alcoves; this distance was 43 feet.

14 He measured the dividing walls all along the inside of the gateway up to the gateway's foyer; this distance was 105 feet.*5

15 The full length of the gateway passage was 87 feet from one end to the other.

16 There were recessed windows that narrowed inward through the walls of the guard alcoves and their dividing walls. There were also windows in the foyer structure. The surfaces of the dividing walls were decorated with carved palm trees.

17 Then the man brought me through the gateway into the outer courtyard of the Temple. A stone pavement ran along the walls of the courtyard, and thirty rooms were built against the walls, opening onto the pavement.

18 This pavement flanked the gates and extended out from the walls into the courtyard the same distance as the gateway entrance. This was the lower pavement.

19 Then the man measured across the Temple's outer courtyard between the outer and inner gateways; the distance was 175 feet.

20 There was a gateway on the north just like the one on the east, and the man measured it.

21 Here, too, there were three guard alcoves on each side, with dividing walls and a foyer. All the measurements matched those of the east gateway. The gateway passage was 87 feet long and 43 feet wide between the back walls of facing guard alcoves.

22 The windows, the foyer, and the palm tree decorations were identical to those in the east gateway. There were seven steps leading up to the gateway entrance, and the foyer was at the inner end of the gateway passage.

23 Here on the north side, just as on the east, there was another gateway leading to the Temple's inner courtyard directly opposite this outer gateway. The distance between the two gateways was 175 feet.

24 Then the man took me around to the south gateway and measured its various parts, and he found they were exactly the same as in the others.

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1: Hebrew At the beginning of the year, on the tenth day of the month, of the Hebrew calendar. A number of dates in Ezekiel can be cross-checked with dates in surviving Babylonian records and related accurately to our modern calendar. This event occurred on April 28, 573 B.C.

2: Hebrew 6 long cubits [3.2 meters], each being a cubit [18 inches or 45 centimeters] and a handbreadth [3 inches or 8 centimeters] in length. In this chapter, the distance measures are calculated using the Hebrew long cubit, which equals 21 inches or 53 centimeters.

3: Greek version; Hebrew reads one rod [10.5 feet or 3.2 meters] deep, and one threshold, one rod deep.

4: Many Hebrew manuscripts add which faced inward toward the Temple; it was one rod [10.5 feet or 3.2 meters] deep. 9Then he measured the foyer of the gateway,...

5: The meaning of the Hebrew in this verse is uncertain.

New Living Translation Bible and Notes used with permission Tyndale House Publishers.

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