Exodus 22

Exodus 22

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1 "A fine must be paid by anyone who steals an ox or sheep and then kills or sells it. For oxen the fine is five oxen for each one stolen. For sheep the fine is four sheep for each one stolen.

2 "If a thief is caught in the act of breaking into a house and is killed in the process, the person who killed the thief is not guilty.

3 But if it happens in daylight, the one who killed the thief is guilty of murder. "A thief who is caught must pay in full for everything that was stolen. If payment is not made, the thief must be sold as a slave to pay the debt.

4 If someone steals an ox or a donkey or a sheep and it is recovered alive, then the thief must pay double the value.

5 "If an animal is grazing in a field or vineyard and the owner lets it stray into someone else's field to graze, then the animal's owner must pay damages in the form of high-quality grain or grapes.

6 "If a fire gets out of control and goes into another person's field, destroying the sheaves or the standing grain, then the one who started the fire must pay for the lost crops.

7 "Suppose someone entrusts money or goods to a neighbor, and they are stolen from the neighbor's house. If the thief is found, the fine is double the value of what was stolen.

8 But if the thief is not found, God* will determine whether or not it was the neighbor who stole the property.1

9 "Suppose there is a dispute between two people as to who owns a particular ox, donkey, sheep, article of clothing, or anything else. Both parties must come before God* for a decision, and the person whom God declares* guilty must pay double to the other.2

10 "Now suppose someone asks a neighbor to care for a donkey, ox, sheep, or any other animal, but it dies or is injured or gets away, and there is no eyewitness to report just what happened.

11 The neighbor must then take an oath of innocence in the presence of the LORD. The owner must accept the neighbor's word, and no payment will be required.

12 But if the animal or property was stolen, payment must be made to the owner.

13 If it was attacked by a wild animal, the carcass must be shown as evidence, and no payment will be required.

14 "If someone borrows an animal from a neighbor and it is injured or killed, and if the owner was not there at the time, the person who borrowed it must pay for it.

15 But if the owner is there, no payment is required. And no payment is required if the animal was rented because this loss was covered by the rental fee.

16 "If a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged to anyone and sleeps with her, he must pay the customary dowry and accept her as his wife.

17 But if her father refuses to let her marry him, the man must still pay the money for her dowry.

18 "A sorceress must not be allowed to live.

19 "Anyone who has sexual relations with an animal must be executed.

20 "Anyone who sacrifices to any god other than the LORD must be destroyed.

21 "Do not oppress foreigners in any way. Remember, you yourselves were once foreigners in the land of Egypt.

22 "Do not exploit widows or orphans.

23 If you do and they cry out to me, then I will surely help them.

24 My anger will blaze forth against you, and I will kill you with the sword. Your wives will become widows, and your children will become fatherless.

25 "If you lend money to a fellow Hebrew in need, do not be like a money lender, charging interest.

26 If you take your neighbor's cloak as a pledge of repayment, you must return it by nightfall.

27 Your neighbor will need it to stay warm during the night. If you do not return it and your neighbor cries out to me for help, then I will hear, for I am very merciful.

28 "Do not blaspheme God* or curse anyone who rules over you.3

29 "Do not hold anything back when you give me the tithe of your crops and your wine. "You must make the necessary payment for redemption of your firstborn sons.

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1: Or the judges.

2: Or before the judges.

3: Or Do not revile your judges.

New Living Translation Bible and Notes used with permission Tyndale House Publishers.

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