Deuteronomy 1

Deuteronomy 1

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1 This book records the words that Moses spoke to all the people of Israel while they were in the wilderness east of the Jordan River. They were camped in the Jordan Valley* near Suph, between Paran on one side and Tophel, Laban, Hazeroth, and Di-zahab on the other.1

2 Normally it takes only eleven days to travel from Mount Sinai* to Kadesh-barnea, going by way of Mount Seir.2

3 But forty years after the Israelites left Mount Sinai, on a day in midwinter,* Moses gave these speeches to the Israelites, telling them everything the LORD had commanded him to say.3

4 This was after he had defeated King Sihon of the Amorites, who had ruled in Heshbon, and King Og of Bashan, who had ruled in Ashtaroth and Edrei.

5 So Moses addressed the people of Israel while they were in the land of Moab east of the Jordan River. He began to explain the law as follows:

6 "When we were at Mount Sinai, the LORD our God said to us, `You have stayed at this mountain long enough.

7 It is time to break camp and move on. Go to the hill country of the Amorites and to all the neighboring regions--the Jordan Valley, the hill country, the western foothills,* the Negev, and the coastal plain. Go to the land of the Canaanites and to Lebanon, and all the way to the great Euphrates River.4

8 I am giving all this land to you! Go in and occupy it, for it is the land the LORD swore to give to your ancestors Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and to all their descendants.'

9 "At that time I told you, `You are too great a burden for me to carry all by myself.

10 The LORD your God has made you as numerous as the stars!

11 And may the LORD, the God of your ancestors, multiply you a thousand times more and bless you as he promised!

12 But how can I settle all your quarrels and problems by myself?

13 Choose some men from each tribe who have wisdom, understanding, and a good reputation, and I will appoint them as your leaders.'

14 "You agreed that my plan was a good one.

15 So I took the wise and respected men you had selected from your tribes and appointed them to serve as judges and officials over you. Some were responsible for a thousand people, some for a hundred, some for fifty, and some for ten.

16 I instructed the judges, `You must be perfectly fair at all times, not only to fellow Israelites, but also to the foreigners living among you.

17 When you make decisions, never favor those who are rich; be fair to lowly and great alike. Don't be afraid of how they will react, for you are judging in the place of God. Bring me any cases that are too difficult for you, and I will handle them.'

18 And at that time I gave you instructions about everything you were to do.

19 "Then, just as the LORD our God directed us, we left Mount Sinai and traveled through the great and terrifying wilderness, which you yourselves saw, and headed toward the hill country of the Amorites. When we arrived at Kadesh-barnea,

20 I said to you, `You have now reached the land that the LORD our God is giving us.

21 Look! He has placed it in front of you. Go and occupy it as the LORD, the God of your ancestors, has promised you. Don't be afraid! Don't be discouraged!'

22 "But you responded, `First, let's send out scouts to explore the land for us. They will advise us on the best route to take and decide which towns we should capture.'

23 This seemed like a good idea to me, so I chose twelve scouts, one from each of your tribes.

24 They crossed into the hills and came to the valley of Eshcol and explored it.

25 They picked some of its fruit and brought it back to us. And they reported that the land the LORD our God had given us was indeed a good land.

26 "But you rebelled against the command of the LORD your God and refused to go in.

27 You murmured and complained in your tents and said, `The LORD must hate us, bringing us here from Egypt to be slaughtered by these Amorites.

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1: Hebrew the Arabah; also in 1:7.

2: Hebrew Horeb, another name for Sinai; also in 1:6, 19.

3: Hebrew on the first day of the eleventh month. This day of the Hebrew lunar calendar occurs in January or early February.

4: Hebrew the Shephelah.

New Living Translation Bible and Notes used with permission Tyndale House Publishers.

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